Series: Disparities In Wisconsin

Since the turn of the century, Wisconsin's population has steadily grown more diverse, but there has also been growing understanding that the state has some of the worst racial disparities in the United States. Particularly stark indicators come in the form of health, education and housing struggles of racial minorities. These problems have deep roots in Wisconsin, from the establishment of Native American reservations to the treatment of the state's first Latin-American and African-American residents to the segregation of neighborhoods in Milwaukee. A growing body of research across disciplines ranging from public health to economics is revealing the far-reaching impacts of structural racism, and in the process outlines the challenges policymakers, educators and health care providers will need to address to make Wisconsin an equitable place for all people.
 
Air pollution levels vary quite broadly across Wisconsin, but they follow a clear geographic trend.
One important issue contributing to and compounding 53206 residents' woes is a lack of transportation options from the urban center to the suburbs, where the Milwaukee metro area's job growth has been centered for decades.
Income inequality has been rising since the 1980s, both in Wisconsin and nationally, and economists and policymakers have become increasingly aware of and concerned about this trend.
One of Milwaukee's most impoverished ZIP codes is 53206. Marc Levine of UW-Milwaukee's Center for Economic Developments said the area feels the effects of multiple disadvantages, and while the job market is improving, many are working at poverty-level wages.
Milwaukee is one of the most racially segregated cities in the United States, and one of segregation's most meaningful engines was the historical practice of redlining.
Health is strongly influenced by where people live.
Completing college substantially improves living standards, according to a report from the Center on Wisconsin Strategy, but there are also increasing racial disparities in Wisconsin's higher education system. Laura Dresser of the research group explains its findings.
While poverty has long been thought of as an economic problem, officials in Milwaukee are starting to examine the issue through the lens of public health, and refocusing on the health and societal outcomes poverty can have.
When it comes to receiving treatment for cervical cancer, many minority women are receiving poorer care than their white counterparts.
Health officials in Milwaukee are shifting their strategy for reducing infant mortality in the city.